Leonardo Martinez

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Dr Leonardo Martinez

Assistant Professor

Email: leomarti@bu.edu

Tel: +1 (202) 769-809





Network Investigator


Research Keywords

Mycobacterium tuberculosis, transmission dynamics, paediatrics



Leo Martinez is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Epidemiology at Boston University. Dr Martinez’s interests include the understanding of early-life factors predisposing young children to tuberculosis, tuberculosis transmission dynamics in high-risk settings (e.g., prisons), and furthering our understanding of the spectrum of tuberculosis. He works with groups in South Africa, Brazil, Uganda, and China involved in several large observational studies.


Key Publications

Liu Q, You N, Lu F, Pan H, Lu P, Wang J, Lu W, Zhu L, Martinez L (2021). Glycemic trajectories and treatment outcomes of new tuberculosis patients: a prospective study in Eastern China. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. [Online Only]. (IF: 17.452)

Martinez L, Cords O, Horsburgh CR, Andrews JR, Pediatric TB Contact Studies Consortium. The risk of tuberculosis in children after close exposure: a systematic review and individual-participant meta-analysis (2020). The Lancet. 395, 973-984. (IF: 60.4)

Walter K†, Martinez L†, Arakaki-Sanchez D, Sequera G, Estigarribia G, Cohen T, Ko A, García-Basteiro A, Rueda ZV, Lopez Olarte R, Espinal M, Croda J, Andrews JR (2021). The escalating tuberculosis crisis in Central and South American prisons. The Lancet. (†Co-first). [Online Only]. (IF: 60.4)

Martinez L†, Lo N†, Cords O, Hill PC, Khan P, Hatherill M, Mandalakas A, Kay A, Croda J, Horsburgh CR, Zar HJ, Andrews JR (2019). Paediatric Tuberculosis Transmission Outside the Household: Challenging Historical Paradigms to Inform Future Public Health Strategies. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 7 (6), 544-552. (†Co-first). (IF: 25.094)

Martinez L, Shen Y, Handel A, Chakraburty S, Stein C, Malone L, Boom WB, Quinn FD, Joloba ML, Whalen CC, Zalwango S (2018). Effectiveness of WHO’s Pragmatic Screening Algorithm for Child Contacts of Tuberculosis Cases in Resource-Constrained Settings: A Prospective Cohort Study in Uganda. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. 6 (4), 276–286. (IF: 25.094)

Martinez L, le Roux DM, Barnett W, Nicol MP, Zar HJ (2018). Tuberculin Skin Test Conversion and Primary Progressive Tuberculosis Disease in the First Five Years of Life: A Birth Cohort Study from Cape Town, South Africa. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. 2(1), 46–55. (IF: 8.5)

Martinez L, Shen Y, Mupere E, Kizza A, Hill PC, Whalen CC (2017). Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Households and the Community: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. American Journal of Epidemiology. 185 (12), 1327–1339. (IF: 5.4)

Martinez L, Sekandi JN, Castellanos ME, Zalwango S, Whalen CC (2016). Infectiousness of HIV-seropositive Patients with Tuberculosis in a High[1]burden African Setting. The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 194 (9), 1152–1163. (IF: 17.452)


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